Vietnam Issues Secret Order Cracking down on Rights: Report

Vietnamese Communist Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong visits the Central Office of the Communist Party of Vietnam in Hanoi on December 12, 2023. Photo by MINH HOANG / POOL / AFP

Bangkok, Thailand -- Vietnam's leaders have issued a secret directive that will frame almost all international commerce and cooperation as a threat to national security, a rights group said Friday, adding that it will further entrench "systematic" human rights violations.

Directive 24, as it is called, was issued in July 2023 just two months before US President Joe Biden visited Hanoi as Washington seeks a reliable alternative trading partner to China.

The directive's stated goal is to ensure national security at a time of deepening international integration, according to a review of it by Vietnam-focused human rights organisation The 88 Project.

Communist, one-party Vietnam is pushing for foreign investment as it seeks to upgrade its thriving industrial sector to more lucrative high-tech manufacturing.

Directive 24 issues nine orders for party and state organisations, including instructions to control foreign travel by Vietnamese citizens and to closely monitor international cooperation "to prevent attempts to exert influence through economic, cultural and social activities that affect national security".

It also orders the development and "strict implementation" of policies and laws on national security, especially in relation to foreign investment and foreign NGOs in Vietnam.

The authenticity of the secret document has not been officially confirmed, but The 88 Project said it had been referred to by name and date by at least 45 state media sources and 18 government documents, and a senior party official promulgated the directive in a conference speech in December.

- No dissent tolerated -

"The directive frames all forms of international commerce and cooperation as threats to national security and articulates a disturbing plan to deal with these perceived threats by systematically violating the human rights of the country’s 100 million citizens," The 88 Project says in its report.

"Directive 24 reveals that Vietnam's leaders are profoundly ambivalent about the country's integration with the world and offers a rare look into their paranoid minds," the report adds.

Vietnam's communist government tolerates no dissent and there are currently 175 activists in jail in the country, according to The 88 Project.

Government critics face intimidation, harassment and restricted movement.

Since 2021, five environmentalists have been jailed for tax evasion, in what activists see as a campaign to silence them.

A sixth was arrested for allegedly misappropriating government documents.

"The common thread in these cases is that each of the climate activists ran organisations that conducted advocacy on energy policy, each received foreign funding to carry out this work and each participated in civil society coalitions," the 88 Project report said.

The report comes just days after foreign minister Bui Thanh Son called on countries to support Vietnam's bid for re-election as a member of the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) for the 2026-2028 tenure.


© Agence France-Presse

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